Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, near the coast of Spain. It is bordered by Spain to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, east and west. The territory has an area of 6.8 square kilometers and is home to a population of around 34,000 people.
Gibraltar is known for its strategically important location, as it has been a key point for military and commercial access to the Mediterranean for centuries. The territory is also home to the Rock of Gibraltar, a limestone rock formation that is over 426 meters high. The rock is home to various species of wildlife, including the famous Barbary macaques, which are the only wild monkeys found in Europe.
Gibraltar has been a British Overseas Territory since 1713, and its sovereignty is a source of ongoing dispute between the United Kingdom and Spain. Despite this, Gibraltar has its own government and operates as an autonomous territory, with its own financial and legal systems, and its own police force. As a British Overseas Territory, Gibraltar also has its own currency and a British postal service, and UK’s NHS also operates there.