Bergen is a city and municipality in western Norway, located in the county of Hordaland on the west coast of Norway. Bergen is the second-largest city in Norway, with a population of around 300,000 people. It is known as the “Gateway to the Fjords,” as it is surrounded by beautiful mountains, fjords and islands. Bergen is also known for its rainy weather, which often causes rainbows over the city.
Bergen has a rich history dating back to the Middle Ages and it has been an important port and trading center for centuries. Today Bergen is a major cultural center, with many museums and galleries, including the Bergen Art Museum, the Hanseatic Museum, and the KODE Art Museums, which showcase the works of Edvard Munch and Nikolai Astrup. Bergen is also famous for its UNESCO World Heritage-listed Bryggen Wharf, a colorful row of Hanseatic merchants’ houses from the 14th and 15th centuries, and the Bergenhus Fortress which dates back to the 12th century.
Bergen is also known for its vibrant music and nightlife scene and it is a popular destination for outdoor activities, such as hiking, skiing, and fishing. It is also a great base for exploring the nearby fjords and islands such as the Sognefjord, Hardangerfjord and the beautiful islands of Osterøy and Askøy, which are easily reachable by boat or car.